HTML and Coding Help

Using Special Characters and HTML Coding in TRACE

It’s easy to incorporate bold, italics, line breaks, hyperlinks, and other special characters in your TRACE entries. To do so, simply incorporate the corresponding HTML tags in your text.

To incorporate HTML in your TRACE entry, place the first HTML tag before the word/group of words to which you would like to apply the formatting. Then place the end HTML tag (the same tag with an “/” added) at the end of the word/group of words.

Below are several examples describing common use scenarios. The right-hand side displays an example of how to type the tag, and the left-hand side displays a preview of how the text will render once submitted.


Use the <p> tag to separate blocks of text with a blank line.

For example:

<p>This is the first paragraph.</p>
<p>This is the second paragraph.</p>
This is the first paragraph.

This is the second paragraph.


Use the <br> tag to produce a simple line break (note: there is no end tag / used in coding for line breaks).

For example:

<p>This is a line of text with a line break here. <br> This is text after a line break.</p> This is a line of text with a line break here.
This is text after a line break.

BOLD <strong>

Use the <strong> tag to create bolded words.

For example:

This is a <strong>bold</strong> word.

This is a bold word.


Use the emphasis tag <em> to create italics.

For example:

This is <em>italicized text</em>. This is italicized text.

SUB- AND SUPERSCRIPTS <sub> and <sup>

Use the subscript <sub> and superscript <sup> tags to create subscript and superscript within your text.

For example:

Text with <sub>subscript</sub>

Text with <sup>superscript</sup>

Text with subscript

Text with superscript


To include hyperlinks in your text, use the following HTML code:

<a href=”URL“>your linked text here</a>

For example:

<a href=”“>This link</a> will take you to the TRACE User Support page. This link will take you to the TRACE User Support page.


To include accents and special characters in the abstracts and titles, read the following:

Windows Users

The method for Windows users to enter these characters into the submission form involves pressing the ALT key plus a four-digit number using the numeric keypad (with Num Lock on).

  • ALT + 0224 = à
  • ALT + 0225 = á
  • ALT + 0232 = è
  • ALT + 0233 = é
  • ALT + 0200 = È
  • ALT + 0242 = ò
  • ALT + 0243 = ó
  • ALT + 0241 = ñ
  • Alt + 168 = ¿
  • Alt + 173 = ¡

Mac Users

Mac users should press the Option key while typing one of the letters below to get the desired character.

  • Circumflex (ê Ê) Option + i, the letter
  • Umlauts (ü Ü) Option + u, the letter
  • Cedilla (ç Ç) Option + c or C
  • Eszett (ß) Option + s
  • Inverted Question Mark (¿)  Option + ?
  • Inverted Exclamation Mark (¡) Option + !
  • Tilde (~) Option + n + character

For more information or assistance with TRACE entries, email