Reading List on the Southern Mountaineers

As part of their preparation for life at the Pi Beta Phi Settlement school, teachers were required to read an extensive bibliography on Southern history and culture. M. Alice Matthews compiled the list and provided annotations to many of the selections. Matthews' annotations are included in parentheses. Links to the full text of selected articles are provided, as well as excerpts from selected books.


Barton, W.E. A hero in homespun, a tale of the loyal South. New York: Lamson,
  Wolffe and company, 1897.
Barton, W.E. Life in the hills of Kentucky. Oberlin, Ohio: E.J. Goodrich, 1890.
  ("Sets forth the religious life of the mountain folk.")
Carter, M.N. North Carolina sketches. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co., 1900.
  (Short stories)
Craddock, C.E. [Mary Noailles Murfree] The despot of Broomsedge Cove. Boston:
  Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1889. (Novel).
  (“Miss Murfree’s best example of character drawing among the mountain people.")
Craddock, C.E. [Mary Noailles Murfree] In the clouds. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and
  Company, 1887.
  (“Gives the most perfect mountain atmosphere of any of her stories.")
Craddock, C.E. [Mary Noailles Murfree] In the Tennessee mountains. Boston:
  Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1884. (Short stories)
Craddock, C.E. [Mary Noailles Murfree] The prophet of the Great Smoky mountains.
  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1885. (Novel)
Craddock, C.E. [Mary Noailles Murfree] The young mountaineers. Boston: Houghton,
  Mifflin, 1898. (Short stories)
Dexter, E.G. “The southern states.” In History of education in the United States.
  New York: Macmillan, 1904.
Fox, John. Blue grass and rhododendron: out-doors in old Kentucky. New York:
  Scribner, 1901.
Fox, John. The little shepherd of Kingdom Come. New York: Scribner, 1903. (Novel).
Frost, W.G. “Berea college.” In From servitude to service. Boston: American Unitarian
  Association, 1905. (Shows what can be done with mountain boys and girls in the
  field of industrial and higher education.)
Gielow, Martha S. Old Andy the moonshiner. Washington, D.C.: W.F. Roberts, 1909.
  (Short story). (Tells of the sacrifices made by Old Andy and his wife to send their
  little grandchild to an industrial school for mountain children.)
Haney, W.H. The mountain people of Kentucky. Cincinnati: Roessler Bros., 1906
  (Written by the son of a Kentucky mountaineer, who worked his way through
  college and taught school within sight of his father’s abandoned still. The most
  cheering part of the book is that on education. The desire for education of the part
  of the mountain boy and girl is almost insatiable, and the educated mountaineer
  often returns to his native home to help his people.)
Johnson, Clifton. Highways and byways of the South. New York: Macmillan, 1904.
  (Pictures of rustic life and nature.)
Malone, J.S. Sons of vengeance. New York: F.H. Revell, 1903.
  (A tale of the Cumberland highlanders.)
Wilson, S.T. The southern mountaineers. New York: Presbyterian Home Missions, 1906.
  1906. (One of the most interesting and helpful books to be found on this subject.)
   Read an excerpt from the book.
Historical phases on the subject are to be found in the following books:
Bruce, H.A. Daniel Boone and the Wilderness Road. New York: Macmillan, 1910.
Fiske, John. Old Virginia and her neighbors. New York: Houghton Mifflin and
  Company, 1897.
Roosevelt, Theodore. The winning of the West. New York: G.P. Putnam’s, 1904.
Temple, O.P. The Covenanter, the Cavalier and the Puritan. Cincinnati: Robert
  Clarke, 1897. Read an excerpt from the book.
Articles in Periodicals
Cady, J.C. “In the mountains.” Outlook 69 (1901): 320-325.
  (Describes conditions among the Kentucky mountaineers and tells of the work of
  Berea college.)
Curry, J.L.M. “Education in the southern states.” Review of reviews 20 (1899): 185-187.
Dawley, T.R. “Our southern mountaineers.” World’s work 19 (1910): 1270-1414.
  (An agent of the U.S. government gives the results of an investigation of living
  conditions among 5000 mountain people of Tennessee, North Carolina and South
  Carolina. He favors moving the people away to better environments instead of
  trying to do missionary work among them.)
Elliott, A.S. “The Kentucky mountaineer.” Bibliotheca sacra 63 (1906): 487-509.
Erskine, R. “The craftsmanship of the mountaineers of the Blue Ridge.” Craftsman 13
  (1907): 158-167. (Spinning, weaving, basket-making, pottery-making, etc. as
  practiced among the mountain folk.)
Fox, John. “The southern mountaineer.” Scribners Monthly 29 (1901): 387-389; 556-570.
  (Interesting anecdotes and pictures, showing the more intimate side of the lives of
  the mountain people.)
Fox, John. “On horseback to Kingdom Come.” Scribner's Monthly 48 (1910): 175-186.
Fox, John. “On the road to Hell-fer-Sartain.” Scribner's Monthly 48 (1910): 350-361.
Fox, John. “On the trail of the Lonesome Pine.” Scribner's Monthly 48 (1910): 417-429.
  (Descriptions of pilgrimages to the scenes of his stories.)
Frost, W.G. “Our contemporary ancestors in the southern mountains.” Atlantic 83
  (1899): 311-319.
  Text courtesy of Cornell University's Making of America collection.
Frost, W.G. “The southern mountaineer, our kindred of the Boone and Lincoln type.”
  Review of Reviews 21 (1900): 303-311. (The President of Berea college praises the
  sturdy character of the people, tells of their needs, and of the work of his college.)
Hamilton, S.A. “The new race question in the South.” Arena 27 (1902): 352-358.
  (The “Crackers” of the far South—the new race which will dominate the political
  and industrial economics of the South.)
Haywood, A.G. “The South and the school problem.” Harper’s Magazine 79 (1889): 225-231.
  Text courtesy of Cornell University's Making of America collection.
“Life in the Kentucky mountains, by a Mountaineer.” Independent 65 (1908): 72-82.
  (Quaint autobiography in homely language.)
Neve, F.W. “Virginia mountain folk.” Outlook 93 (1909): 825-829.
  (The Archdeacon of the Blue Ridge tells how his first mission house and home for
  workers was built. He says that industrial schools train people to make the most
  and best of what they have, to build better homes, and deal with conditions
  surrounding them in a more intelligent and successful manner.)
Norman, H.D. “The English of the mountaineers.” Atlantic 105 (1910): 276-278.
  (Comparison of the mountain dialects with the English of Shakespeare’s time.)
Ralph, Julian. “Our Appalachian Americans.” Harper’s Magazine 107 (1903): 32-41.
  (Good description with humorous anecdotes, of home life in the Kentucky
Revere, C.T. “Beyond the Gap, the breeding ground of feuds.” Outing 49 (1907): 609-
  621. (Experiences of a former member of the U.S. Geological Surveys in the
  Cumberland Gap region of Kentucky, the stronghold of moonshiners and the
  breeding ground of feuds.)
Waldo, Frank. “Among the southern Appalachians.” New England Magazine 24 (1901): 231-247.
  (Describes the region about Asheville, North Carolina, the scenes of many of
  Miss Murfree’s stories. The author says she idealized the ordinary life of
  mountaineers, but commends her descriptions and portrayals of character.)



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